Arkadiusz Gut

Dr. hab. Arkadiusz Gut (Prof. KUL), PhD Philosophy and PHD in Psychology; Two-times awarded by the scholarship of the Polish Foundation for Science, Fulbright Foundation scholarship recipient, the Stefan Batory Foundation scholarship recipient. He stayed on scholarships and scientific internships at Karl-Franzens Universität (Graz, Austria), University of Sheffield (United Kingdom), University of Wisconsin (USA), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and IFiS. The four-time recipient of grants of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the Center for Polish Science. Recently, Arkadiusz Gut cooperates with Beijing Foreign Studies University (School of European Languages and Cultures)and the Department of Psychology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Recently Visiting Professor in Huazhong University of Science and Technology- Department of Philosophy, School of the Humanities, China. He publishes in Multilingua, Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication; Synthese; Journal of Intercultural Communication; Studies in Logic and Grammar and Rhetoric; Brentano’s Studien; Filozofia Nauki; Przegląd Filozoficzny.



  • Place: Catholic University of Lublin, street: Raclawickie 14; Postal Code: 20-950 Lublin, country Poland


 EDUCATION (Degrees)

  • MA Philosophy Master 22.06.1996 Faculty of Philosophy (Department of Epistemolgy), Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
  • PhD: Philosophy (Philosophy of Mind and Epistemology): Disputation date: 20.06.2001. Faculty of Philosophy (Department of Epistemolgy), Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
  • POST PHD Degree (Habilitation) (Philosophy of Mind and Epistemology: Disputation date: 25.06.2010, Faculty of Philosophy (Department of Epistemolgy), Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
  • PhD: Psychology (Cognitive Developmental Psychology): Disputation date: 20.03.2016, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Cognitive Psychology, University of Warsaw, Poland



  • Since 2011 Current Position Professor : (Department of Cognitive Science ), Faculty of Philosophy, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin Poland
  • 2003-2011 Previous position held Assistant Professor Faculty of Philosophy, Catholic University of Lublin, Poland



  • 1995    (one semester) MA Program–Scholarship) Karl-Franzens Universität, Graz (Austria)
  • 1999    Award for Young Researchers founded by the Foundation For Polish Science
  • 2000    (one semester) PhD Scholarship Stefan Batory Foundation) University of Sheffield (Great Britain)
  • 2001-2002 Fulbright Advanced Research Grant – Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin (USA)
  • 2005    (one semester) Postdoctoral Fellowship at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Philosophy, Belgium
  • 2006 (one semester) Postdoctoral Fellowship at Polish Academy of Science, Department of Social Science and Philosophy (sponsored by Foundation For Polish Science
  • 2013    (research visit ) School of European Languages and Cultures, Beijing Foreign Studies University, China
  • 2013    Medal of the National Education Commission
  • 2016    Special Award for PhD in Psychology, Council of Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw
  • 2017 Rector’s Award for Scientific Achievement
  • 2018 Mobility Grant from NAWA – National Agency For Academic Exchange (in Huazhong University of Science and Technology- Department of Philosophy, School of the Humanities, China)


MOBILITY (research stays abroad lasting more than three months) (if applicable)

  • 1995 Karl-Franzens Universität, Graz (Austria)
  • 2000 (one semester) University of Sheffield (Great Britain)
  • 2001-2002 Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin (USA)
  • 2005 (one semester) Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Philosophy, Belgium
  • 2011-2016: many stays at Chinese Universities (Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing Shenyang, Beijing, Chinese University of Hong Kong, China; Guangdong University of Foreign Studies)
  • 2018 – Visiting Professor, (two months) Huazhong University of Science and Technology- Department of Philosophy, School of the Humanities, China



  • 2015-2018 cooperation with Department of Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong /cooperation: with prof. Him Cheung/ (currently he moved to Education University of Hong Kong) common work on international project: The involvement of language, culture-specific factors and folk intuitions in mind-reading activity and social cognition”.
  • 2015-2018 cooperation with Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China /cooparation with: Prof Zhao Gang/ common work on on itrenational project: The involvement of language, culture-specific factors and folk intuitions in mind-reading activity anFacud social cognition”.
  • 2017-2018 cooparation with Prof. Francisco Ponse, Faculty of Social Science, Oslo Univeristy, coopration on project aplication «Crossculture Understing of Emotion
  • 2018 – with th Department of Philosophy, Huazhong University of Science and Technology- Department of Philosophy, School of the Humanities, China
  • In the past I ccopartaed with Univeristy of Wisconsin, USA (woth prof. B. Tieszen) and with Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (with prof Mao Yinhui and prof. A Jasińska – preaparation of the paper to book)


RESEARCH FELLOWS (RESEARCH Chairmen of the following grants )

As Chairman

  1. 2015-2018, (international) HARMONIA 6 (UMO-2014/14/M/HS1/00436 for years 2015-2017) the research project entitled “The involvement of language, culture-specific factors and folk intuitions in mind-reading activity and social cognition”. founded by National Science Centre, Poland in collaboration with the Department of Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong and with Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing
  2. 2011-1014, Research Grant founded by National Science Center, nr. 155176, title “Evolutionary uniqueness of human nature – an anthropological and ethological comparative research on language, communication, mind and activity of humans and animals” (together with Natural Sciences Department KUL)
  3. 2009-2012. Research Grant founded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, № 1497/B/H03/2009/37 (title: Cognitive Capacities of Higher Order, False Belief Tasks and the Relationship between Mindreading and Meta-cognition)
  4. 2005-2007, Research Grant founded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, № 1 H01A 024 29 (title: The relationship between Thought and Language)
  5. 1999-2000, PhD Research Grant founded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, № 1 H01 A 021 16 (title: Logical Theory of Judgment – Philosophical Foundation)


  1. 2015 Coworker in grant SFM/G1/2015 Copernicus Center, Poland Centrum
  2. 2014-2015 Colaborater in research grant: Alternative dominance and intention salience as factors for some meta-representational tasks for children with professor Him Cheung, Department of Psychology at Chinese University of Hong Kong.


  1. On Socio-Cultural Entanglement of Folk Theories of Mind. A Discussion on the Boundaries of Universality and Commonality of Mental Concepts and Attributions. NCN grant (Poland) PRELUDIUM 12 (UMO-2016/23/N/HS1/02887 for years 2017-2019) led by Robert Mirski
  2. Counterfactual Imagination and Pretend Play: The Cognitive Underpinnings of Human Creativity (2016/21/N/HS1/03495; PRELUDIUM 11; for years 2017-2018; funded by The National Science Centre) led by Monika Chylińska



  • 1998- 2002 Teaching position – Assistant: Philosophy Mind, Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy) Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
  • 2003 -2011 Teaching position – Assistant Professor; Philosophy of Mind Cognitive Psychology Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
  • Since 2012 Teaching position – Associate Professor, Cognitive Psychology, Mindreading, Developmental Psychology


  • Since 2014 Coordinator of Cognitive Science Study at Catholic University of Lublin, Poland


  • 2013-2016 Reviewer for Scientific Foundation For Polish Science Poland Advisory
  • 2012-2017 Reviewer Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland



  • Since 2016 Member of the board of the Polish Society for Cognitive Science
  • Since 2017       Member of Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy
  • Since 2016 Member of The Jean Piaget Society



  1. Gut A., Wróblewski Z., (eds.), (2018), Doing philosophy experimentally – the mind in culture. (Filozofować eksperymentalnie – umysł w świecie kultury), Wydawnictwo Naukowe KUL
  2. Gut A., Wróblewski Z. (eds.) (2015), In search of the distinguishing factors of human nature (W poszukiwaniu osobliwości natury ludzkiej), Wydawnictwo KUL. Lublin
  3. Gut A. (2009), On the Relation between Thought and Language (A Critical Study of Approaches that Identify Thought and Language’ (O relacji między myślą a językiem. Studium krytyczne stanowisk utożsamiających myśl z językiem] (seria wydawnicza Umysł: Prace z Filozofii i Kognitywistyki, TN KUL, Lublin 2009
  4. Gut A. (2005), Gottlob Frege and Problems of Contemporary Philosophy (Gottlob Frege i problemy filozofii współczesnej) Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin, 2005, ss. 414.

Papers (recent and selected)

  1. Mirski R. and Gut A. (2018), Action-based and Theory-of-Mind Perspectives on Socio-cognitive Development: Culture, Language and Social Experience within the Two Paradigms in: Synthese 2018
  2. Hryniewska J.; Gut A., Wilczewski M., (2018), The Chinese Folk Model of the Mental Concept of “Soul”: a Linguistic Perspective, in: Annals of Arts; Tom LXVI,9 – 2018, pp. DOI: http: // / 10.18290 / rh.2018.66.9-9
  3. Wilczewski, M., Søderberg, A.-M., & Gut, A. (2018). Storytelling and cultural learning—A Polish expatriate’s narrative accounts of collaborations with Chinese employees and managers. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction.(in Print).
  4. Gut A. Zhao Gang, Ruszer A. (2018), Cultural Readings of Literature: Social Parameters in Evaluation of Literary Characters (the Case of Wokulski) /Kulturowe Czytanie Literatury Społeczne Parametry Ewaluacji Bohatera Literackiego (przypadek Wokulskiego)/ in: Annals of Arts; Tom LXVI, 9 – 2018; DOI:
  5. Gut A., Mirski R., (2018) Language as a Necessary Condition for Complex Mental Content: A Review of the Discussion on Spatial and Mathematical Thinking, Annals of Philosophy (Roczniki Filozoficzne) Tom LXVI, n. 3, Special Edition: Philosophy and Cognitive Science, DOI:, pp. 33-56.
  6. Gut. A. (2018) Kulturowo-językowe uwikłanie atrybucji społecznych w obszarze moralności i epistemologii (The cultural and linguistic entanglement of social attributions in the areas of morality and epistemology), in: Spotkania Polonistyk Trzech Krajów—Chiny, Korea, Japonia, in: Rocznik 2016/2017, Wydwnictwo Naukowe Sub Lupa.
  7. Gut A., Hryniewska J., Pejda K, Mirski R., Stoch A; (2018) Body and Mind: Comparative research on Mentalistic Conceptualization in Poland and China, in: Studies in Linguistic, Anglophone Literatures and Cultures, edited by Duda, B., R. Kiełtyka, R. and E. Konieczna Peter Lang Publisher (2018) pp.70-92. (in print)
  8. Wilczewski, M., Søderberg, A-M., & Gut, A. (2018), Polish Experts’ Communication Encounters with Locals in a Chinese Subsidiary of a Western MNC: The Expatriate Perspective. In: Multilingua, Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication DOI:
  9. Gut A. and Haman M., Gorbaniuk O., 2018 The development of understanding opacity in preschoolers: A transition from a coarse- to fine-grained understanding of beliefs, in: Child Development (in evaluation)
  10. Gut A., Fan Zhenxu, Wilczewski M., (2018) Inner Speech, the Self Cross-culture Research on the Polish and the Chinse, in: Dialogical Self: Inspirations, considerations, and research, edited by Małgorzata Puchalska-Wasyl, Piotr Oleś, and Hubert J.M. Hermans, TN KUL, 2018, pp. 143-173
  11. Gut A., (2018) Opacity as a distinctive feature of the mind (Nieprzezroczystość jako dystynktywna cecha umysłu) in: Filozof w krainie umysłów, red. Króliczak Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Społecznych UAM, 2018.pp. 129-148 (in polish)
  12. Wilczewski M., Gut, A., Gorbaniuk, O. (2017), How Culture-Based Perspective-Taking Influences Communication Awareness and Needs of Employees in a Multicultural Environment, in: Journal of Intercultural Communication, Issue 45 (November) 2017
  13. Gut A.; Afek J., (2017), The Chinese Model of Early Education From the Perspective of Cross-Cultural Psychological Research, (pol. O chińskim modelu wczesnej edukacji dziecięcej w kontekście międzykulturowych badań psychologicznych), in: Roczniki Humanistyczne, Vol: LXV; n.1, pp. 5-28 DOI: (in polish)
  14. Gut, A., Wilczewski, M., Gorbaniuk, O., (2017) Cultural Differences, Stereotypes and Communication Needs in Intercultural Communication in a Global Multicultural Environment. The Employees’ Perspectivein: in: Journal of Intercultural Communication, Issue 43 (March) 2017
  15. Gut A., Mirski R., (2018) In Search of a Theory: The Interpretative Challenge of Empirical Findings on Cultural Variance in Mindreading” in: Studies in Logic and Grammar and Rhetoric, 48(61) 2016, pp. 201-230
  16. Gut A., (2016) Developmental and cognitive research on mindreading (Badania rozwojowe i kognitywne nad czytaniem umysłu) in: Przewodnik po kognitywistyce, (Guide to Cognitive Science) (red. J. Bremer), WAM, Kraków, s. 715-758 (in polish)
  17. Gut A., Wilczewski M. (2016) The role of language in the emergence of mature belief reasoning and social cognition in: M. Hinton (ed.) Linguistics and Philosophy of Language, Peter Lang – International Academic Publisher, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, p. 209-238.
  18. Gut A., Wilczewski M. (2015) Is mindreading a universal or cultural specific construct? W: G. Airenti, B. G. Bara, G. Sandini, M. Cruciani (eds.) Proceedings of the EuroAsianPacific Joint Conference on Cognitive Science Volume 1419 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings,, 2015. [doi], s. 499-505
  19. Gut A. (2015) Overcoming Logical Psychologism (Frege’s Influence on Husserl), in: Polish Journal of Philosophy, Vol. IX nr. 1, 2015, s. 7-32
  20. (2014) Gut A., Priority of Language or Priority of Thought: in: Philosophy of Language and Linguistics, Walter De Gruyter, Boston-Berlin, 2014, s. 71-98)
  21. Gut, A., Wilczewski, M. (2015). “Chinese Dream (中国梦)—Kolektywistyczny Konstrukt Ucieleśniający Ducha Współczesnych Chin.” (‘Chinese Dream (中国梦)—Collectivistic Construct Embodying the Spirit of Contemporary China’) Zeszyty Prasoznawcze. T. 58, 3(223)
  22. Gut A. (2012) On the Content and Acquiring the Concept of Belief: from False Beliefs Tests to Opacity Tests [O treści i nabywaniu pojęcia przekonania (Od testów fałszywego przekonania do testów na intensjonalność)], w: Pojęcia; (red.) J. Bremer, A. Chuderski; Wydawnictwo Universitas, Kraków, 2012, s.111-138
  23. Gut A. (2011), Self-Consciousness, Dialogue, Internal Speech and Other Minds [Samoświadomość, dialog, mowa wewnętrzna oraz inne umysły]; w: Ja- dialogowe (red.) P. Oleś, M. Puchalska-Wasyl; Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Warszawa, 2011, s. 325-360.
  24. Gut A. (2012), Gottlob Frege’s Thought in the Light of Inquiries Conducted in Contemporary Philosophy, in: “Studies in Logic and Theory of Knowledge”, N.7 , 2012.
  25. Gut A. (2010) The Involvement of Language in Human Cognition, in: U. Żegleń (ed.) Cognitive Sciences and Media in Education, Toruń, 2010, s. 77-95.
  26. Gut A. (2010) Determining the Role of Language in the Second Order Thinking(Mindreading and Language, in: Philosophy of Language and Linguistics: The Philosophical Turn; Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 2010, p. 65-81.
  27. Gut A. (2009) Language, consciousness and thinking about thought, w: New Pathways in Linguistics,(red.) S. Puppel and M. Bogusławska-Tafelska, Wydawnictwo UWM, Olsztyn 2009, ss. 187-206 (in English)
  28. Gut A. (2009) Language and Second Order Thinking (The False Belief Task), w: Language and World. Preproceedings of the 32nd International Wittgenstein Symposium, red V.A. Munz, K. Puhl, J. Wang, Kirchberg am Wechsel/Lower Austria 2009, ss. 166-169 (in English)
  29. Gut A. (2008), Philosophical Priority of Judgment, „Brentano’s Studien” 12(2008), ss. 281-306
  30. Gut A. (2008) Brentano, Marty and Twardowski on the Priority of Thought over Language, w: Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science at Warsaw University, red. A. Horecka, t. 5, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Semper, Warszawa, 2008, s. 91-117.

Selected Conference lectures and Invited Lectures, Poster Presentation

  1. 1-4 July, 2018, Lecture (with J.K Teske), Lecture: Realist, modernist, and postmodern narratives – their techniques of representing mental states and ways of engaging the reader’s ToM, at Cognitive Futures in the Arts and Humanities 2018 Conference, University of Kent
  2. 10th –13th September 2018, Lecture, Making things up: Pretending, Fabricating, and Confabulating. Interdisciplinary and Contextual Analysis at Invieted Symposiom at European Society for Philosophy and Psychology (ESPP) Rijeka, Croatia
  3. 21-25 August: Poster: On the relationship between cultural context and mindreading system, in: ISTP 2017; Rikkyo University, College of Arts, Department of Education, Tokio; 3- 34- 1, Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, 171-8501 JAPAN
  4. 22-25 October 2017, Keynote Lecture, Theory of Mind and Culture, at: Conference Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies, 3th Avant Conference, Poland/USA
  5. 9-­12, June, 2017. Lecture: Cross-­Cultural Research on Mind: Dualism vs Holism; in: Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy 49th Annual Conference: June 9-­12, 2017; Peking University
  6. 02.2018 Invited Lecture, Soul and Mind Cross-Culture Perspective –methodological aspects, at: Department of Philosophy, Jagiellonian University in Krakow , Poland
  7. 9-11 June, 2016: Poster: Theory of mind and conceptual enrichment: What makes the intensionality task more difficult than the false belief task? 46th Annual Meeting of the Jean Piaget Society, Chicago, USA;
  8. 15-18. 06. 2016; Poster: “Linguistic and Cultural Contexts in the Functioning and Development of the Mindreading System”1st Context, Cognition and Communication conference, , Warszawa.
  9. 4-6 August, 2016; Lecture: Conceptual enrichment and coming to a fine-grained notion of “belief”, at International Conference on Thinking, Brown University, Providence USA

CONCEPTUALIZATION OF SOUL Anthropological and cross-cultural approach to morality) at: Conference: Moral responsibility and humanity, Shangrao Normal University, Jiangxi China:

  1. 2016, 7-10 September; Lecture: Does language trigger a pattern of thinking about the self? An analysis of cross-cultural research including Poles and Chinese, at: The Ninth International Conference on the Dialogical Self –, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
  2. 3-6.11.2016. Lecture: Source of Cultural Learning: morality and justice: at SPTK Conference, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, China.
  3. September 25-27, 2015; Lecture: Is Mindreading a Universal or Culture-Specyfic Construkct? At: EuroAsianPacific Joint Conference on Cognitive Science EAP COGSCI 2015; 4th European Conference on Cognitive Science; Turyn, Italy.
  4. 09.2014 Lecture: How children cope with opacity challenge? International Conference “From Implicit to Explicit Cognition. At: The Cognitive Development in Childhood, Kraków, Poland,
  5. 04.2014 Invited Lecture: Cross-culture study on Mind and Consciousness at: Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China
  6. 25-28.10.2014; Lecture: Comparative Research in the Scope of the Influence of Culture-Specific Factors on Social Cognition, at International Conference: Meeting of Polish Language and Culture Association, Tokyo, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Japan.
  7. 10.2012, Invited Lecture: Opacity of Mind – Developmental Perspective, at Department of Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Experience in research involving children (cross-cultural development, social knowledge, theory of mind, emotions)

  1. Between 2009 and 2013 I conducted a study on 3-7 year-olds (N = 180) in kindergartens in Poland using tests dedicated to theory of mind and social knowledge;
  2. Between 2014 and 2017 I conducted a cross-cultural study on 3-6 year-olds (N = 480) in kindergartens in Poland and Hong Kong using tests dedicated to social knowledge, theory of mind and language abilities, intelligence (collaborative research with Prof. Him Cheung from the Department of Psychology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong);
  3. Between 2015 and 2017 I conducted a study on 3-7 year-olds (N = 240) in kindergartens in Poland using tests measuring metacognitive development: talk about thoughts; TEC: Emotion Test Comprehension and Theory of Mind: False Belief Tasks; Intensionality (in collabboration with Child LAB at Jagiellonian University, Krakow).
  4. Between 2015 and 2017 (voluntary work as the originator of the action) work under the Foundation’s auspices (Foundation Pro Liberis et Arte) with school students on the program of accepting people with autism (in Poland)


  1. Polish (fluent)
  2. English (fluent)
  3. German (intermediate)
  4. Chinese (intermediate HSK 3)